Ginnie Mae 10/10 Rule ‘Essentially Wipes-Out Program it Supposedly Protects’–MHARR’s Mark Weiss Exposes FHA Title I Pretense in Push for Affordable Manufactured Home Loans; plus MHVille Stocks Update

GinnieMae10-10 RuleEssentiallyWipesOutProgramItSupposedlyProtectsMHARRsMarkWeissExposesFHATitleIpetenseInPushForAffordableManufacturedHomeLoansPlusMHVilleStocksUpdateMHProNews

Despite the inherent affordability of HUD Code manufactured housing, the manufactured home connected equities broadly dropped on Friday along with much of the rest of the stock markets. Despite the obvious national need for more affordable housing – as numbers of local, regional, and national news reports underscores – manufactured home connected equities in the so-called Berkshire era of manufactured housing often behave much the same as other stocks. Critics of the arguably ‘rigged’ system in manufactured housing point to apparent collusion by specific big industry players, their favored trade body, and federal regulators. Among those critics are several researchers for the Minneapolis Federal Reserve, voices inside manufactured housing, plus outsiders looking into the manufactured home industry.  Manufactured housing shipments have been rising year-over-year in 2022 while conventional new and existing ‘site built’ housing sales have been sliding. But there are indicators that manufactured housing could be about to dip too. It is in that context that the following media release and related documentation from the smaller independent manufactured housing producers trade group, the Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform (MHARR) and its president and CEO, Mark Weiss, J.D., should be considered.

The Daily Business News on MHProNews market description of yesterday’s events and market-moving left-right media headlines occur following the Additional Information with More MHProNews Analysis and Commentary segment of this report.

To frame this issue, consider what Dr. Donna Fier, Ph.D., said about manufactured housing finance as part of her research.

Dr. Donna Feir specifically cited the reports by the Seattle Times that slam Clayton Homes and their associated lenders, i.e. 21st Mortgage Corp and Vanderbilt Mortage and Finance.


Against that backdrop, the following MHARR media release and its supportive statement and documentation follows.


FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                                                     Contact: MHARR

(202) 783-4087




Washington, D.C., September 22, 2022 – The Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform (MHARR) in written comments filed on September 21, 2022, has once again called on the Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae) to withdraw and “substantially modify” the “10-10” “approved issuer” qualification policy that has decimated the Federal Housing Administration’s (FHA) Title I manufactured housing program for more than a decade.

Under the “10-10” qualification policy, adopted by Ginnie Mae in 2010, approved issuers within the Title I program for personal property or “chattel” loans to purchase manufactured homes regulated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), must have a net worth of at least $10 million and maintain additional high-dollar reserves based on the volume of Title I consumer loans they originate. By contrast, approved issuers of Ginnie Mae-backed site-built housing consumer loans are subject to a significantly-lower net worth benchmark of $2.5 million, even though site-built housing loans are much larger than manufactured housing loans.

Since 2010, the discriminatory “10-10” policy — by excluding large numbers of manufactured housing lenders from FHA qualification and participation — has virtually destroyed the Title I program. Thus, as Ginnie Mae’s own data demonstrates, the Title I program, in 2009, accounted for 2,544 manufactured home loan originations, or more than 5% of the total manufactured housing consumer loan market. By contrast, in 2021, the last year for which such data is available, the entire Title I program saw just 3 total loan originations, accounting for .002% of the market. The virtual absence of Title I lending support, moreover, has resulted in a less competitive consumer financing marketplace for manufactured home consumer loans, characterized by needlessly high interest rates and the discriminatory exclusion of lower-income Americans and minority groups from the affordable manufactured housing market, contrary to law and the equity policies of the Biden Administration.

MHARR’s comments accordingly, call on Ginnie Mae, once again, to withdraw the 10-10 policy — which is not statutorily-mandated and was never adopted as a formal regulation – and adopt a modified Title I qualification policy that is both non-discriminatory and consistent with the inherent affordability of manufactured housing.

In Washington, D.C., MHARR President and CEO, Mark Weiss, stated: “The 10-10 policy was a bad idea when it was adopted, and has only gotten worse with time. A policy that essentially wipes-out the very program that it supposedly is designed to protect and preserve is, by definition, neither good nor smart. That policy, accordingly, should be reconsidered and substantially modified in order to promote greater lender participation and to revitalize the Title I program as a significant resource for purchasers of affordable manufactured housing.” Weiss continued: “Incidentally, this is yet another example of a beneficial federal housing program, as detailed in an MHARR White Paper published in July 2022, that is failing to reach American consumers and deliver actual benefits on the ground due to baseless policy roadblocks.”

The Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform is a Washington, D.C.-based national trade association representing the views and interests of independent producers of federally-regulated manufactured housing.

— 30 —

Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform (MHARR)
1331 Pennsylvania Ave N.W., Suite 512
Washington D.C. 20004
Phone: 202/783-4087
Fax: 202/783-4075


The MHARR media release above included this letter to Alanna McCargo, President of the Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae). It will be followed by MHARR’s footnotes. More Related Information with a focused MHProNews Analysis and Commentary not found in MHARR’s statements will round out this segment of today’s report.

Then the manufactured home connected equities report that includes manufactured home community Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs), manufactured housing production, retail, suppliers, finance, and brokerage will follow this segment on manufactured home lending controversies. That said, here is the attached MHARR statement to Ginnie Mae’s McCargo.



September 21, 2022



Hon. Alanna McCargo
Government National Mortgage Association
Suite 500
425 3rd Street, S.W.
Washington, DC 20024

Re: Request for Input: FHA and Ginnie Mae Title I Manufactured Housing Programs

Dear President McCargo:

The following comments are submitted on behalf of the Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform (MHARR). MHARR is a Washington, D.C.-based national trade organization representing the views and interests of producers of manufactured housing regulated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) pursuant to the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 as amended by the Manufactured Housing Improvement Act of 2000 (2000 Reform Law).[1] MHARR was founded in 1985. Its members include independent producers of manufactured housing from all regions of the United States.



On July 27, 2022, the Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae) published a Request for Input (RFI) seeking comments from stakeholders to “assist in the evaluation of current program policies and to help identify opportunities to better leverage” the Federal Housing Administration’s (FHA) Title I manufactured housing program in order to “address housing supply and affordability needs through manufactured housing.”[2]Noting that FHA’s Title I program for manufactured homes titled as personal property “was created to provide broader availability and affordability of financing for this market than would otherwise exist,” Ginnie Mae nevertheless concedes in its RFI that loan originations within that program have “trended downward since 2009” and “today [have] become negligible.”[3]This acknowledgment is consistent with information previously provided to Ginnie Mae by MHARR at a meeting with senior officials in February 2022 and on multiple prior occasions dating back to 2011.[4] Significantly, the RFI states that this information “suggests two conclusions:”

  • That “manufactured housing has yet to reach its full potential to help address the nation’s [affordable] housing supply shortage;” and
  • That “the government financing programs managed by FHA and Ginnie Mae are not playing a meaningful role in the financing of manufactured housing even at current production levels.[5]

MHARR agrees with these conclusions and strongly supports the stated interest of both Ginnie Mae and FHA — as set forth in the RFI– in exploring and, more importantly, implementing policy changes “for the purpose of reinvigorating” their “manufactured housing programs in support of larger housing supply and homeownership goals.”[6]

As MHARR has emphasized repeatedly in its engagement with Congress, Ginnie Mae, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, manufactured housing is – and long has been – the nation’s most affordable source of non-subsidized homeownership.[7] And personal property loans are, by far, the leading source of purchase money consumer financing for manufactured homes, representing some 77% of new manufactured homes titled in 2021 according to U.S. Census Bureau data.[8] Manufactured homes financed through chattel loans, moreover, are among the industry’s most affordable, as such loans, by definition, do not include the cost of the land on which the home is situated. Consequently, personal property financing predominates in land-lease manufactured housing communities and other situations where homes are sited on land that is leased or already owned by the homeowner or a related third-party with no corresponding homeowner debt.

The number of chattel loans made by lenders, however, and the corresponding number of manufactured homes that are produced and sold in the United States, have been (and are being) artificially constrained and limited by longstanding federal government policies that discriminate against manufactured homebuyers who utilize third-party financing to purchase a home. These policies undermine full, fair and legitimate open-market competition within the manufactured housing consumer financing market, helping to promote and sustain interest rates on manufactured housing consumer loans – and particularly chattel loans – which exceed the rates that would otherwise characterize a fully-competitive consumer financing market and, arguably, are “predatory” in nature. Such discriminatory policies include FHFA’s failure to fully implement the Duty to Serve Underserved Markets (DTS) mandate of the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (HERA) within the private manufactured housing lending sector (particularly with respect to personal property loans), and more immediately, for purposes of the present comments, the Ginnie Mae “10-10” rule (or, more accurately, “policy,” as explained more fully below), which is responsible, in substantial part, for the collapse of the manufactured housing “public” lending/financing sector following its adoption in 2010. Accordingly, as is set forth in greater detail below, MHARR supports the abolition of the “10-10” policy and the adoption of non-discriminatory lender participation criteria for the FHA Title I HUD Code manufactured housing financing program that are comparable to or less restrictive than corresponding qualification criteria for site-built single-family housing lenders.



The “10-10” criteria, adopted by Ginnie Mae in June 2010, require that all Ginnie Mae “approved issuers” for the FHA Title I Manufactured Home (MH) Loan Mortgage-Backed Securities (MBS) program “meet and maintain a minimum adjusted net worth valuation of $10 million,” as “calculated in accordance with the HUD audit guide,” plus:

  • “10 percent of the dollar amount of all MH MBS outstanding;” and
  • “10 percent of the outstanding balance of the Issuer’s commitment line balance;” and
  • “10 percent of the outstanding balance of all pools funded by the Issuer.”[9]

(Emphasis added). As MHARR was contemporaneously advised by senior Ginnie Mae officials,  however, the specific elements of the “10-10” policy are not prescribed, mandated, or even suggested by statutory law or any other binding mandate, nor were the “10-10” criteria adopted by Ginnie Mae, FHA, or HUD as a legislative rule pursuant to the requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA).[10]Accordingly, there is no substantive or procedural impediment to the withdrawal of that policy and its modification and replacement with non-discriminatory criteria that would simultaneously facilitate the availability and utilization of manufactured housing as an affordable homeownership resource, in accordance with existing federal law.[11]

Specifically, in a meeting on December 14, 2011, MHARR was advised by former and current Ginnie Mae officials that the 10-10 criteria and particularly the 10 percent reserve mandate, were:

  • Subjective, “policy-based” benchmarks designed primarily to ensure that FHA Title I originators are established firms “committed” to the manufactured housing market;
  • Based primarily on manufactured housing loan performance data from the 1980s and 1990s (e., prior to the adoption of the Manufactured Housing Improvement Act of 2000 and the transformation of manufactured housing from the “trailers” of yesteryear to the modern, legitimate housing of today. See, sections II B and II C, below); and
  • Were not designed or intended by Ginnie Mae to be “exclusionary” or have an exclusionary impact.[12]

Notwithstanding such allegedly benign motivations, however, the 10-10 policy has had a devastating impact on the FHA Title I program, American consumers of affordable housing and the manufactured housing industry, both suppressing the market and driving consumers needlessly into higher-priced, arguably “predatory” loans.

As Ginnie Mae’s own data shows, the FHA Title I portfolio had an Unpaid Principal Balance (UPB) of $477 million in January 2002. With the program effectively closed by Ginnie Mae’s refusal to approve new originators, program UPB fell to $83 million in October 2008 – a decline of 82%. Subsequently, following adoption of the 10-10 policy in 2010, Title I UPB plateaued at approximately half of its 2002 level and has since declined to less than $200 million, while the number of Title I loan originations has dropped to negligible levels. To put this decline in perspective, in 2009, before the adoption of the 10-10 policy, 2,544 Title I loans, representing 5.1% of the total new manufactured housing market that year, were originated. Following adoption of the 10-10 policy, Title I originations have precipitously declined, ranging from a high of 1.4% of the total new annual manufactured housing market in 2011 to a low of 0.002% of the total new manufactured housing market in 2021, the last year for which such data is available.[13]

Because of the highly restrictive nature of the 10-10 policy within the context of the HUD Code manufactured housing consumer financing market, only four lenders out of the 2,300 financing institutions serving the manufactured housing market as of 2019[14] — or less than 0.2%   — have reportedly qualified to be approved Title I originators since 2010. Two of those are related corporate entities – 21st Mortgage (21st) and Vanderbilt Mortgage Corporation (VMC) – both of which are subsidiaries of Clayton Homes, Inc. which, in turn, is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway Corporation (Berkshire Hathaway). Of those two entities, only VMF reportedly offers consumers FHA Title I loans. The other two approved Title I originators, reportedly are Country Place Mortgage (a wholly-owned subsidiary of Cavco Homes, Inc.) and Cascade Financial Services, Inc. The total universe of approved Title I lenders, accordingly, includes only one independent lender that is not a corporate affiliate of one of the largest manufactured housing conglomerates. Other lenders serving the HUD Code market either do not qualify for approval under the 10-10 criteria, or have not sought approval and have, therefore, been effectively excluded from the Title I market.

The de facto exclusion of most manufactured housing consumer lenders and virtually all manufactured home consumer loans from the FHA Title I market – combined with the total failure of FHFA, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to provide secondary market and securitization support for manufactured housing chattel loans under DTS[15] — means that interest rates for manufactured home chattel loans in particular are higher than would otherwise be the case if such public (FHA) and “private” sector (FHFA/Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac) lending support did, in fact, exist as directed by Congress.[16] Thus, as was recently reported by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), “more than 90%” of manufactured housing personal property loans reported in the 2018 Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) data were “higher-cost originations.” Moreover, “the rate spread for chattel loans is substantially higher than for either [manufactured housing] mortgages or site-built mortgages. Manufactured housing loans – both chattel and mortgage – are more likely than site-built mortgages to be classified as a Higher-Priced Mortgage Loan (HPML) or a high-cost mortgage as defined under [the Home Ownership Equity Protection Act] HOEPA. Nearly all of the chattel loans are HPML loans and a higher percentage also are classified as HOEPA loans.”[17] (Emphasis added).

Federal government and other authoritative data, moreover, demonstrate that such higher-than-necessary interest rates disproportionately and discriminatorily harm lower income Americans, as well as racial minority groups. Harmed first and foremost, are those excluded totally from the housing market and from homeownership due to higher lending costs fueled by the lack of FHA and DTS support. Due to the high price elasticity of manufactured homes, which specifically serve predominately lower-income purchasers,[18] relatively minor variations in home price can result in significant levels of market exclusion. Thus, a recent analysis by the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) submitted to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in connection with its proposed manufactured housing “energy conservation” standards, shows that for each $1,000 increase in the price of a manufactured home, 347,901 households are excluded from the single-section HUD Code manufactured housing market and 315,385 households are excluded from the double-section HUD Code manufactured housing market. Further, CFPB research shows that, at present – without FHA or DTS support — the vast majority of manufactured housing loan applications do not result in an origination. Thus, “only 27% of manufactured home loan applications resul[t] in a home being financed, compared to 74% of applications for site-built homes” even controlling for credit score. CFPB also found that loan denial rates were “higher still for chattel [loan] applications.”[19]

Even if not excluded totally from the housing market, higher-than-necessary interest rates harm other purchasers, who may be forced to purchase a smaller or otherwise lower-priced manufactured home, or limit spending on other goods and necessities in order to make higher-than -necessary interest payments due to lack of FHA or DTS support. And, significantly, the burden of such rate-driven exclusion or market distortion, according to CFPB, falls most heavily on members of minority communities. CFPB thus found that “Hispanic white, Black and African American … American Indian and Alaska Native borrowers make up larger shares of chattel loan borrowers than among MH mortgage loan borrowers or … site-built loan borrowers.” Further to this point, the report states that “Black and African American borrowers are the only racial group that … is overrepresented in [manufactured home] chattel lending compared to site-built” lending.[20] Consequently, the lack of any chattel loan support under the FHA Title I program or DTS, disproportionately impacts, harms and discriminates against African Americans and other minorities.

Rather than alleviating these disproportionately harmful and discriminatory impacts, then, the lack of manufactured home chattel lending under the FHA Title I program, due to the 10-10 policy, is instead perpetuating them. Put differently, the contorted, pseudo-predatory, and less-than-fully-competitive manufactured housing consumer finance market that has been left in place – i.e., not remedied through the FHA Title I program and the full, market-significant implementation of DTS by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac – is discriminatory in its impact and effect. Among other things, this runs directly contrary to the policy of the Biden Administration, as enunciated in Executive Order (EO) 13985 (January 20, 2021), “Executive Order on Advancing Racial Equity and Support for Underserved Communities Through the Federal Government.” That Order states, in part: “Affirmatively advancing equity, civil rights, racial justice and equal opportunity is the responsibility of the whole of government.  Because advancing equity requires a systematic approach to embedding fairness in decision-making processes, executive departments and agencies must recognize and work to redress inequities in their policies and programs that serve as barriers to equal opportunity.” (Emphasis added).  And, indeed, the very next paragraph of that order makes it clear that this includes “closing racial gaps in … housing credit [and] lending opportunities,” among other things.  (Emphasis added). Both the EO and existing law (i.e., Title I and DTS), accordingly, make the reform of these programs – to render them fully functional in accordance with their intended purposes and objectives – urgent and essential.

Consequently, the failure of the Title I program to: (1) attract more approved lenders; and (2) produce or support substantially higher numbers of manufactured home chattel loan originations at (3) interest rates more favorable than the distorted pseudo-predatory levels that are now (and long have been) the norm, represents not only a failure of federal housing policy, but a failure to seek and ensure housing and lending equity, contrary to the highest policy priorities of President Biden. For these reasons alone, the 10-10 policy should be withdrawn and substantially modified. Just as significantly, though, manufactured home loan performance data more recent than the 1980s and 1990s-era information used to establish the 10-10 policy, shows that manufactured home loan performance has substantially improved and that the highly-detrimental 10-10 policy is no longer needed, warranted or justified (if it ever was).


While the 10-10 policy, as previously admitted by Ginnie Mae officials, is based on 30-40-year-old manufactured home loan performance data from the 1980s and 1990s, more recent data shows that modern, post-2000 Reform Law HUD Code home loans – including chattel loans – perform similarly to purchase-money loans for site-built homes. Thus, in an analysis presented to Ginnie Mae by MHARR in 2013, manufactured home loan data from a non-FHA lender showed that:

  • The 2013 delinquency rate for manufactured home chattel loans originated in Florida – a representative manufactured housing state – averaged 2.4% of all units financed through October 2013;
  • The default rate for the same period would necessarily be lower than the 2.4% delinquency rate due to delinquencies being cured prior to declaration of a default and repossession or foreclosure; and
  • By comparison, the seasonally-adjusted delinquency rate for mortgages on one-to-four-unit residential properties outstanding at the end of the second quarter of 2013 was 6.9% according to the Mortgage Bankers Association’s National Delinquency Survey.[21]

This 2013 information, moreover, is consistent with data reflecting the performance of non-FHA/non-DTS manufactured home loans originated and held in portfolio by 21st and VMC. Public information regarding the performance of manufactured housing loans held by those lenders – summarized in the 2016 and 2017 shareholder letters of their parent corporation, Berkshire Hathaway — indicates performance parameters which closely parallel those for more costly site-built homes. In 2015, for example, as reported in the 2016 Berkshire Hathaway Shareholder Letter, these industry-dominant lenders experienced a foreclosure/repossession rate of 2.64%, a difference of less than 1% from the 1.77% foreclosure rate reported for the broader housing market at the end of the third quarter of 2015[22] — for borrowers with incomes significantly higher than most manufactured home purchasers. Moreover, the same lenders reported 8,444 foreclosures/repossessions in 2015, at an average loss of $18,593 per home,[23] or a loss severity of 28.47%, based on a 2014 average sales price of $65,300 for all types of manufactured homes.[24] By contrast, Freddie Mac reported historical loss severities averaging 30.73% across all FICO scores and Loan-To-Value (LTV) ratios between 1999 and 2013.[25]

Further, information for 2016, reflected in the 2017 Berkshire Hathaway Shareholder Letter, shows a slowing foreclosure/repossession rate and lessening loss severities. In 2016, the Berkshire Hathaway finance entities foreclosed on 8,304 manufactured home loans (a reduction of nearly 2% from 2015), representing 2.5% of its total portfolio, at a cost of $150 million or $18,063 per home/loan foreclosed (a reduction of 2.85% from 2015).

What this information shows, first, is that a profitable, market-safe model exists for the origination (and retention) of manufactured housing loans, including manufactured housing chattel loans. Second, and more importantly, if a profitable model can be structured with higher-cost loans retained in portfolio, an even larger, more profitable – and equally safe – model could and would result from a higher volume of loans originated at the lower interest rates that would result from FHA Title I support for such loans. Accordingly, no valid, legitimate basis for the 10-10 policy currently exists, and that policy should, again, be withdrawn and substantially modified.

Because the robust implementation of the FHA Title I program, without the baseless shackles of the current 10-10 policy would result in lower levels of risk for lenders, it would, by its very existence, exert downward pressure on manufactured housing consumer loan interest rates.  Further, it would be highly likely to draw more – and more diverse — lenders into the manufactured housing market, leading to enhanced competition and yet additional downward pressure on interest rates for such loans. By eliminating a substantial part of the rationale and justification for current higher-cost manufactured housing loan interest rates charged by the dominant lenders, and by weakening or eliminating their dominant role in the market by promoting enhanced competition, the full implementation of the FHA Title I program without the current 10-10 policy, would open that program to significantly higher levels of both lender and consumer participation, would promote the greater availability and affordability of manufactured housing in accordance with binding federal law, and would eliminate or significantly ameliorate the racial and ethnic inequities that have resulted from higher-than-necessary manufactured housing personal property loan interest rates.



Beyond the factual and policy bases for the withdrawal and modification of the current Ginnie Mae 10-10 policy as set forth above, federal law – specifically the Manufactured Housing Improvement Act of 2000 – requires that manufactured housing be treated, for all purposes, on an equal basis with site-built single-family housing. MHARR directly addressed this mandate and its nexus to public and private sector manufactured home consumer loan programs in 2012 testimony before Congress. In written (and verbal) testimony presented to the House of Representatives Subcommittee on Insurance, Housing and Community Opportunity on February 1, 2012, MHARR stated:

The Manufactured Housing Improvement Act of 2000 … a watershed law enacted by Congress with unanimous bi-partisan support, was designed to modernize and reform the HUD manufactured housing program and complete the transition of manufactured housing from the “trailers” of yesteryear to legitimate “housing” at parity with all other types of homes.  HUD, though, instead of implementing this legislation fully and in accordance with its express terms and purposes has, over multiple administrations, made a mockery of its most important reforms, ignoring some and distorting others through unilateral “interpretations,” as is explained in detail below.  By failing to fully and properly implement the 2000 law and by failing to achieve or even pursue its fundamental purpose of ensuring the status of manufactured homes as legitimate housing for all purposes, HUD has placed the manufactured housing industry and manufactured homebuyers in a no-win position.

[HUD] has enabled and facilitated discrimination against manufactured housing and manufactured homebuyers in public and private financing by the Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA) and the Government Sponsored Enterprises (GSEs), which effectively view manufactured homes as “trailers” and have thus imposed punitive terms and restrictions on manufactured home financing.  These restrictions have decimated the availability of manufactured home purchase financing – especially the industry’s most affordable homes financed through personal property (i.e., chattel) loans — have frozen millions of lower and moderate-income Americans out of the manufactured housing market altogether and have undermined competition within the manufactured housing finance market.

(Emphasis added). As is indicated by this testimony, the entire record and history of the 2000 Reform Law, as well as its express terms, confirm that the law was designed and intended to ensure the equality of both manufactured homes and manufactured housing consumers for all purposes, to ensure not only the availability of affordable housing and homeownership for all Americans, but also to ensure full and complete equity within the housing sector.

In the case of public manufactured housing consumer lending support, this statutory equality/equity mandate simply demands the same result that would follow from a valid, thorough, legitimate and accurate analysis of the factual evidence. Such an analysis, as indicated by the information set forth above, herein, would show that manufactured housing consumer loans, for today’s modern post-2000 Reform Law manufactured homes, using current-day intra-industry servicing criteria, perform on a basis that is equal to or better than site-built homes. As a result, and in accordance with the express terms. underlying policies and goals of the 2000 Reform Law, there is no basis for the maintenance or preservation of a discriminatory qualification policy for approved lenders within the FHA Title I program. Instead, those qualification criteria should reflect the greater affordability of HUD Code manufactured homes and the need for more affordable consumer financing for such homes, as compared with the parallel criteria for FHA-approved site-built lenders,[26] to allow broader and more liberal participation by interested lenders and institutions in the Title I program.


For all of the foregoing reasons, Ginnie Mae’s existing 10-10 policy should be withdrawn and modified to make lender approval criteria for the Title I manufactured housing program equal to and consistent with the parallel lender approval criteria for participation in the FHA/Ginnie Mae programs for site-built housing. This policy change, moreover, should be made as rapidly as possible, in part as a remedial measure for the significant, discriminatory damage that the 10-10 policy has done to manufactured housing consumers, the manufactured housing industry and the manufactured housing market in the United States.



Mark Weiss
President and CEO

cc: Hon. Marcia Fudge
Hon. Maxine Waters
Hon. Patrick McHenry
Hon. Sherrod Brown
Hon. Patrick Toomey
Hon. Sandra Thompson
Hon. Julia Gordon
HUD Code Manufactured Housing Industry Members

Footnotes to MHARR statement are as follows.


[1] See, 42 U.S.C. 5401, et seq.

2 See, July 27, 2022 Request for Input, Government National Mortgage Association at p. 3, col. 2.

3 Id. at col. 1-2. The “negligible” impact of the FHA Title I program within the affordable HUD Code manufactured housing market, is consistent with and comparable to the entirely negligible impact that other highly-touted federal government housing programs have had within the manufactured housing sector. As was detailed in a July 2022 MHARR White Paper, “The Exploitation of Federal Housing Finance and Mortgage Funding Assistance Programs,” such programs, while widely publicized for political and other advantage, have typically failed to reach their intended beneficiaries and have broadly failed to produce tangible results on the ground.

4 In substantial part, though, the lack of an independent national representative for the HUD Code industry’s post-production sector, has allowed this situation to persist to the extreme detriment of both the industry and American consumers of affordable housing.

5 Id. at P. 4, col. 1.

6 Id.

7 See, e.g., Urban Institute, “Manufactured Homes Could Ease the Affordable Housing Crisis, Why are so Few Being Made?” Alanna McCargo, Edward Golding, et al. January 29, 2018. (“Manufactured housing is the least expensive type of housing.”)

8 See, U.S. Census Bureau, “Cost and Size Comparisons: New Manufactured Homes and New Single-Family Site-Built Homes, 2014-2021.” Nor is this an aberration, as data for the entire eight-year survey period shows that homes titled as personal property ranged from 76% to 80% of all manufactured homes sited over that timeframe.

9 See, Attachment 1 hereto, Government National Mortgage Association, Memorandum APM 10-18, “New Ginnie Mae Title I Manufactured Home Loan Program to Launch October 1, 2010.” November 1, 2010.

[10] See, Attachment 2, hereto, MHARR communication to Theodore W. Tozer, Government National Mortgage Association President. December 16, 2011.

[11] See, Further discussion at section II C, infra.

[12]2 See, Attachment 2, supra.

[13] While manufactured housing production has recovered, to some degree, following its modern historical low in 2009, current Title I origination levels would still represent a miniscule portion of the market, even if total production were controlled at 2009 levels.

[14] See, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, “Manufactured Housing Finance: New Insights from the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Data,” May 2021 (CFPB Report) at p.44, n. 63 and related text.

[15] In the 14 years since the enactment of DTS by Congress, not a single manufactured home chattel loan has been purchased by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac pursuant to the DTS mandate. Under the current 2022-2024 DTS Plans, moreover, no chattel purchase support whatsoever is expected until at least 2024.

[16] The direct causal linkage between the lack of FHA Title I/DTS lending support for manufactured home consumer loans and the higher-than-necessary interest rates for such loans, has been pointed out in multiple contexts. For example, in 2011 testimony before a House of Representatives subcommittee, the President of Clayton Homes stated: “… the lack of a secondary market means lenders are typically forced to hold manufactured home loans in their portfolios, which makes [the] cost of capital associated with originating manufactured home loans higher for these lenders versus those which are able to securitize real property mortgages ….” See, Testimony of Kevin Clayton before the Subcommittee on Housing, Insurance and Community Opportunity, Committee on Financial Services, U.S. House of Representatives Field Hearing on [the] “State of the U.S. Manufactured Housing Industry,” November 29, 2011. Similarly, manufactured housing producer Cavco Industries, Inc., in its Form 10-Q filing with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission for the quarter ending September 30, 2019, stated: “The lack of an efficient secondary market for manufactured home loans and the limited number of institutions lending to manufactured home buyers result in higher interest rates for loans secured by manufactured homes compared to those for site-built homes.” (emphasis added).

[17] See, CFPB Report, supra at p. 24.

[18] Federal law specifically recognizes the affordability of manufactured housing and directs HUD to maintain and preserve that affordability. See, e.g., 42 U.S.C. 5401(b)(1) “The purposes of this title are — *** to facilitate the availability of affordable manufactured homes and to increase homeownership for all Americans.”

[19] See, CFPB Report, supra at p. 4.

20 Id. at p. 31.

21 See, Attachment 3, hereto, MHARR Summary Analysis of Manufactured Home Chattel Loan Performance Data (2006-2013).

22 See, 2016 Berkshire Hathaway Shareholder Letter.

23 Id.

24 See, U.S. Census Bureau, “Cost and Size Comparisons: New Manufactured Homes and New Single-Family Site-Built Homes, 2007-2014.”

25 See, “Loss Severity on Residential Mortgages: Evidence from Freddie Mac’s Newest Data,” Urban Institute (February 2, 2015).

{26] Current Ginnie Mae criteria require a base net worth of $2.5 million for approved site-built housing lenders. See, Ginnie Mae, Eligibility Requirement Comparison Tables, August 17, 2022.



The WORD document version of the above as provided by MHARR to MHProNews is found at this link here


Additional Information with More MHProNews Analysis and Commentary

The explosive nature of the logic of MHARR’s Weiss are best understood by better understanding the following from HUD’s description of the FHA Title I program and the insights from Ginnie Mae below.

To understand the importance of the MHARR RFI to Ginnie Mae’s McCargo, the following is found on the HUD website on this date 9.24.2022. It sets some of the context for the FHA Title I loan program. How this relates to Ginnie Mae and the RFI will follow.


This program insures mortgage loans made by private lending institutions to finance the purchase of a new or used manufactured home.

HUD has been providing loan insurance on manufactured homes under Title I since 1969. By protecting mortgage lenders against the risk of default, HUD’s participation has encouraged them to finance manufactured homes, which had traditionally been financed as personal property through comparatively high-interest, short-term consumer installment loans. The program thereby increases the availability of affordable financing and mortgages for buyers of manufactured homes and allows buyers to finance their home purchase at a longer term and lower interest rate than with conventional loans.

Type of Assistance:
The program insures lenders against loss from default on loans. The buyer must agree to make the required downpayment and meet credit guidelines. The interest rate is negotiated between the borrower and the lender. The borrower pays an upfront insurance premium, along with an annual premium based on the declining balance of the loan. The maximum loan term is 20 years for a manufactured housing loan. … ”

Also per the HUD website on this date:


QuoteMarksLeftSideGinnie Mae I Mortgage Backed Securities

Expands affordable housing in America by linking global capital markets to the nation’s housing market.

Nature of Program: Ginnie Mae guarantees investors (security holders) the timely payment of principal and interest on securities issued by private lenders that are backed by pools of Federal Housing Administration (FHA), Veterans Affairs (VA), Rural Housing Service (RHS), and Public and Indian Housing (PIH) mortgage loans. The full faith and credit guarantee of the U.S. Government that Ginnie Mae places on mortgage-backed securities lowers the cost of, and maintains the supply of, mortgage financing for government-backed loans. …”

Per Ginnie Mae: “Ginnie Mae’s guaranty links the United States housing market to the global capital markets, ensuring sustainability, affordability, and liquidity for government housing programs and creating a more equitable housing finance system for all. 99% of FHA Single-family mortgages are packaged into Ginnie Mae MBS.”

Once again, it is useful to recall that Dr. Donna Fier, Ph.D., previously did research into the challenges facing minority borrowers including with HUD Code manufactured homes. Fier said the following.

Dr. Donna Feir specifically cited the reports by the Seattle Times that slam Clayton Homes and their associated lenders, i.e. 21st Mortgage Corp and Vanderbilt Mortage and Finance.


The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) has been a periodic source of data that when considered in the light of MHARR’s RFI broadly fits Weiss’ facts and analysis. The Color of Change advocacy group has cited the CFPB and other information to accuse Warren Buffett, and Berkshire Hathaway owned Clayton Homes and their related lending (i.e.: 21st Mortgage Corp. and Vanderbilt Mortgage and Finance (VMF)) as the report linked below reflects.


But what MHARR’s Weiss has done in several instances is cite HUD, FHA, and Ginnie Mae’s own data to point out that their de facto policies has undermined affordable manufactured housing during a growing national affordable housing crisis.  Using some of Weiss’ content as pull quotes illustrates that statement and brings it to life.


From MHARR’s Mark Weiss’ RFI comments to Ginnie Mae’s Alana McCargo on 9.21.2022. MHProNews Note: depending on your browser or device, many images in this report can be clicked to expand. Click the image and follow the prompts. For instance in some browsers, you will click to open the image in a new window, and then click to open that new window image to expand its size. Then, to return to this page, use your back key, escape or x out to exit. In each case, follow the browser/device prompts.


From MHARR’s Mark Weiss’ RFI comments to Ginnie Mae’s Alana McCargo on 9.21.2022. MHProNews Note: depending on your browser or device, many images in this report can be clicked to expand. Click the image and follow the prompts. For instance, in some browsers, you will click to open the image in a new window, and then click to open that new window image to expand its size. Then, to return to this page, use your back key, escape or x out to exit. In each case, follow the browser/device prompts.


From MHARR’s Mark Weiss’ RFI comments to Ginnie Mae’s Alana McCargo on 9.21.2022. MHProNews Note: depending on your browser or device, many images in this report can be clicked to expand. Click the image and follow the prompts. For instance, in some browsers, you will click to open the image in a new window, and then click to open that new window image to expand its size. Then, to return to this page, use your back key, escape or x out to exit. In each case, follow the browser/device prompts.


4) By accident or design, MHARR’s Weiss’ outline below reflects how this sharp drop in FHA Title I Loan originations happen to align with key timeframes with the Buffett-led Berkshire Hathaway era in manufactured housing. As Berkshire’s footprint through Clayton Homes, 21st and VMF grew, FHA Title I originations fell.  Just good luck for Clayton and their related lenders?  Or is this indicative of the kind of alleged cronyism that Minneapolis Federal Reserve researchers such as James “Jim” Schmitz Jr or Samuel “Sam” Strommen with Knudson Law each stated and documented.

JamesSchmitzJrJohnHCochranePICsQuoteMonopoliesSabotageDestoryMarketsMonpoliesUseWeaponsManipulateSabotagePublicInstitutionsForOwnGainsMHProNewsQuoteableQuote Several of the illustrations shown in this report can be opened in many browsers to reveal a larger size. To open this picture, click the image once. When the window opens, click it again to reveal the larger size photo.





Not to be overlooked is that Weiss’ factual and evidence-based contentions are supported by the thesis of pro-Berkshire author Bud Labitan who specifically cited Clayton’s “moat” in lending as an example of how Buffett-led Berkshire Hathaway deploys the moat in a specific industry.

Warren Buffett’s Moat in Affordable Manufactured Housing Examined Through New Data From FHFA, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac – “Sabotaging Monopolies” and Other Related Research

As a three graphical but also hot linked lagniappes, are these comments and linked reports. All of these, when considered individually and then collectively, paint a picture of federal, specific nonprofits, and corporate collusion that acts to harm consumers, harm smaller producers, while growing the Berkshire “castle and moat” in manufactured housing.





See his context and the full ‘debate’ context in the report, linked here.


These are among the reasons, including some specifically cited, by Strommen in his argument that Clayton in conjunction with others at the Manufactured Housing Institute (MHI), are arguably guilty of “felony” antitrust violations. The examples are so egregious, said Strommen, that his research led him to assert that MHI should lose any possible Noerr Pennington defense rights should the purported antitrust violations case be brought to a competent court.

MonopolisticHousingInstMonopolisticHousingInstituteParodyLogoClaytonHomesCavcoIndustriesSkylineChampionLOGOsBASEgraphicStrommenKnudsonQuoteMHIrelationshipGSE-HUDAbjectFailureQuote Several of the illustrations shown in this report can be opened in many browsers to reveal a larger size. To open this picture, click the image once. When the window opens, click it again to reveal the larger size photo. Use your browsers back key to return to the article.

Summing up, MHARR’s contention have formed essential evidence for why federal policies should change, but also why federal antitrust and possibly other laws should be invoked against those who have ‘rigged’ the system in manufactured housing. MHARR’s constancy in exposing what’s gone wrong and pressing for what’s right are a key element in understanding why manufactured housing, as Ginnie Mae admits, is underperforming during an affordable housing crisis.

Still and quote are from the video posted on this page.




Warren Buffett’s “Moat” per Kevin Clayton, CEO Clayton Homes Interview Transcript, Video – Affordable Housing and Manufactured Homes

Manufactured Housing Institute Leaders-Lawyers Asked About Explosive Allegations by Nonprofit Veteran on High Profile MH Industry Threat; Exclusive Q&A Claims Downturn Less Than 1 Year Away if MHI Fails

Daily Business News on MHProNews Markets Segment

NOTICE: Based on feedback, a modification of our Daily Business News on MHProNews recap of yesterday evening’s market report is provided. It will still include our left (CNN Business) and right (Newsmax) ‘market moving’ headlines. The macro market moves graphics will provide context and comparisons for those invested in or tracking manufactured housing connected equities.

Reminder: several of the graphics on MHProNews can be opened into a larger size. Click the image and follow the prompts in your browser or device to OPEN In a New Window. Then, in several browsers/devices you can click the image and increase the size. Use the escape or back key to return.


Headlines from left-of-center CNN Business – from the evening of 9.23.2022

  • Steep sell-off
  • A man bikes past the New York Stock Exchange, Wednesday, Sept. 21, 2022, in New York. Stocks are off to a modestly higher start on Wall Street ahead of a widely expected interest rate increase by the Federal Reserve. The S&P 500 was up half a percent in the early going Wednesday, as was the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
  • The Dow could finish below 30,000, bringing to close to a bear market as recession fears mount
  • DowJones-ManufacturedHomeCommunitiesMobileHomeParksFactoriesProductionSuppliersFinanceStocksEquitiesClosingDataYahooFinanceLogo9.23.2022
    As the 2022 midterms draw closer, Biden and Democrats are attempting various efforts to stir up their base and encourage or ‘buy’ votes, such as through the constitutionally questioned student loan forgiveness plan. Democratic House Speaker Nancy Pelosi previously said the plan would require Congressional approval. What happened to that? Who died and made Biden a ruler by fiat? Joe Biden and some of his admin officials announced inflation is ‘zero percent’ for the prior month. What? Who believes that who is going to the grocery store? It was running at 9.1 percent the previous month, but many believe that the actual rate of inflation is about double that claim. Yes, gas prices have fallen, due to an apparent drop in global demand as an economic slowdown is taking place. The Washington Examiner said that a historic record 88 percent now thinks that the U.S. is on the wrong track under Biden. As the value of the dollar erodes, that impact should be considered when looking at stock market performance. Note: depending on your browser or device, many images in this report can be clicked to expand. Click the image and follow the prompts. To return to this page, use your back key, escape or follow the prompts.

    Goldman Sachs warns of more trouble for US stocks

  • The curious case of falling gold prices
  • GM investing $760 million in Toledo factory to make electric car drive units
  • Markets hate Liz Truss’ plan for the UK. Just look at these charts
  • Marc Benioff would buy Twitter if he could
  • Opinion: IEA head: Electric cars are transforming the auto industry. That’s good news for the climate
  • Anyone with internet access can watch the Yankees vs. Red Sox game. Here’s how
  • How political candidates are targeting you on social media based on your music tastes, shopping habits and favorite TV shows
  • NFL has a new halftime show sponsor
  • Why Jamie Dimon apologized to Elizabeth Warren
  • Inside the housing market, employers monitoring employees, and Airbnb’s growing pains
  • Content by The Ascent
  • It’s official: now avoid credit card interest into 2024
  • An oil pump jack at the New Harmony Oil Field in Grayville, Illinois, US, on Sunday, June 19, 2022.
  • Oil plunges below $80 to eight-month low
  • Bill Ackman, chief executive officer and portfolio manager at Pershing Square Capital Management, speaks during the SALT conference in Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S. May 18, 2017.
  • Billionaire hedge fund manager argues for increasing immigration to fight inflation
  • The logo of a McDonald’s restaurant is seen in Los Angeles, California, U.S. October 24, 2017.
  • McDonald’s will have to defend itself against a $10 billion lawsuit from media mogul Byron Allen
  • The download page for ByteDance Ltd’s TikTok app is arranged for a photograph on a smartphone in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, on Monday, Sept. 14, 2020. Oracle Corp. is the winning bidder for a deal with TikToks U.S. operations, people familiar with the talks said, after main rival Microsoft Corp. announced its offer for the video app was rejected.
  • TikTok clones rival with real-time sharing feature
  • Search engine repeatedly delivers misinformation
  • TikTok to ban political fundraising
  • App won’t commit to stopping US data flows to China
  • Company uses silly TikToks to recruit new employees
  • LOS ANGELES, CA – OCTOBER 28: RH Chairman and CEO Gary Friedman celebrates with RH, Restoration Hardware for the unveiling of 'Rain Room' by Random International at LACMA on October 28, 2015 in Los Angeles, California.
  • Anyone who thinks we’re not in a recession is ‘crazy,’ says RH CEO
  • US economic barometer drops for sixth month in a row
  • Where’s the economy heading? Keep an eye on earnings
  • 72% of economists expect a recession by mid next year
  • Chevron CEO: Energy crisis can lead Europe to recession
  • Residential single family homes construction by KB Home are shown under construction in the community of Valley Center, California, U.S. June 3, 2021.
  • Why it’s getting even harder to keep a roof over your head
  • FILE – This April 13, 2019, file photo, shows homes in suburban Salt Lake City. Americans shopping for a home this spring may face more competition than they have in years.
  • YahooFinanceLogo9ClosingStocksEquitiesBroaderMoneyMarketInvestmentIndicatorsGraphic9.23.2022MHProNews
    “In the business world, the rear-view mirror is always clearer than the windshield.” – Warren Buffett. That begs a key question. Why don’t more people LOOK at the rearview mirror so they can learn more about the patterns that influence what’s ahead? Note: depending on your browser or device, many images in this report can be clicked to expand. Click the image and follow the prompts. To return to this page, use your back key, escape or follow the prompts.

    Mortgage rates rise to nearly 6.3%, the highest level since 2008

  • What rising interest rates mean for you
  • A sale sign stands outside a home in Wyndmoor, Pa., Wednesday, June 22, 2022. If you're settling into a new home, you might be looking to fill it with furniture. But after your rent or mortgage, security deposit and moving expenses, there might not be much left over for your dream couch or dining room set.
  • Home sales dropped 20% in August from a year ago


Headlines from right-of-center Newsmax 9.23.2022

  • Biden Suggests Support for Filibuster Change to Legalize Abortion
  • President Biden signs an executive order over the summer in an effort to shore up abortion access. (AP)
  • President Joe Biden challenged Democrat voters on Friday by saying if they elect at least two more senators in November elections, it would open the possibility of Democrats removing the filibuster and restoring federal abortion rights for women. At a Democratic National Committee rally, Biden suggested the two extra Democrats would allow the Democratic-controlled Senate to remove a legislative roadblock known as the filibuster that requires a 60-vote majority to overcome. [Full Story]
  • Newsmax TV
  • Herschel Walker: Leave Post-Roe Laws to States | video
  • Meuser: Bill Calls for Controls on Biden’s Immigration Flights | video
  • Dick Morris: GOP Should Extend Continuing Resolution | video
  • Scott Baio: Looking to Leave Declining California After 45 Years | video
  • Yahoo-ManufacturedHomeCommunitiesMobileHomeParksFactoriesProductionSuppliersFinanceStocksEquitiesClosingDataYahooFinanceLog9.23.2022
    In instances such as Apollo, Berkshire Hathaway, Blackstone or others, manufactured housing may only be part of their corporate interests. Note: depending on your browser or device, many images in this report can be clicked to expand. Click the image and follow the prompts. To return to this page, use your back key, escape or follow the prompts.

    John Bolton: Putin Bluffing on Nukes – at Least for Now | video

  • Dick Morris: US Can Deter Putin With ‘Total Economic Ruin’ | video
  • Ukraine MP Rudik: No End of War Before Winter
  • Newsfront
  • Blinken Tells China’s Wang Peace in Taiwan Strait Is Vital
  • Secretary of State Antony Blinken told his Chinese counterpart on Friday that the maintenance of peace and stability over Taiwan was vitally important, as the two met with tensions high over the Chinese-claimed island. Taiwan was the focus of the 90-minute, “direct and… [Full Story]
  • Related Stories
  • Blinken Warns of ‘Implications’ of China Siding With Russia
  • Video Report: FBI Whistleblower Claims Supervisor Misconduct in 1/6-Tied SWAT Raids
  • An FBI whistleblower is alleging misconduct by his supervisors over [Full Story]
  • Biden Suggests Support for Filibuster Change to Legalize Abortion
  • President Joe Biden challenged Democrat voters on Friday by saying if [Full Story]
  • UN Rights Experts Cite Signs of War Crimes in Ukraine
  • A team of experts commissioned by the U.N.’s top human rights body to [Full Story]
  • Related
  • Pentagon: Putin’s Nuclear Threat Won’t Stop Aid to Ukraine
  • Former NATO Boss Slams Macron for ‘Disastrous’ Diplomacy on Ukraine
  • Russia’s Medvedev: New Regions Can Be Defended With Strategic Nuclear Weapons
  • US Has Been Privately Warning Russia Against Using Nukes
  • World Opinion Shifts Against Russia as Ukraine Worries Grow
  • Poland Distributes Iodine Pills as Fears Grow Over Ukraine Nuclear Plant
  • Moscow-Held Regions of Ukraine in ‘Sham’ Vote to Join Russia
  • Morning Consult Poll: 52 Percent of GOP Voters Want Trump in ’24
  • A majority of Republican voters (52%) prefer Donald Trump for [Full Story]
  • Blinken Warns of ‘Implications’ of China Siding With Russia
  • Secretary of State Antony Blinken on Friday warned his Chinese [Full Story]
  • Media Punts on Alleged Politically Motivated Killing of GOP Teen
  • Despite repeated claims in the media about rising political extremism [Full Story] | Platinum Article
  • WHO: ‘Blood on Your Hands’ If World Steps Back on Tackling COVID
  • If rich nations think the pandemic is over, they should help [Full Story]
  • Could GOP Learn Immigration Lessons From Sweden?
  • The Swedish right’s electoral victory in last week’s general election [Full Story] | Platinum Article
  • Biden Officials Looking to Remove World Bank Head
  • The Biden administration has considered trying to remove World Bank [Full Story]
  • Poll: Majority Sides With GOP Govs Over ‘Hypocritical’ Sanctuary Cities
  • A majority of registered voters side with Republican governors over [Full Story] | video
  • Republicans Riled Over Credit Card Companies’ Move to Track Gun Sales
  • Visa and other major credit card companies will start categorizing [Full Story]
  • Mike Bloomberg to Spend $85M Fighting Petrochemical Plants
  • Former New York City Mayor Mike Bloomberg is launching an $85 million [Full Story]
  • Bargain Hunter Scores 700-Year-Old Medieval Treasure
  • A bargain hunter who went to an estate sale in Maine to find a [Full Story]
  • Report: DeSantis Risks Turning Off Voters With Migrant Flight
  • Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis is risking voter backlash in his state [Full Story]
  • US Lets Tech Firms Boost Internet Access in Iran
  • The Treasury Department said Friday it was allowing American tech [Full Story]
  • Apple to Sponsor Super Bowl Halftime Show
  • Apple Music has signed a long-term agreement to sponsor the NFL Super [Full Story]
  • Rubio, Ernst Introduce Bill to Punish Iran for Plotting to Kill US Officials
  • Republican senators introduced a bill prohibiting lifting sanctions [Full Story]
  • COS Poll: 77 Percent Won’t Vote for ‘Pro-criminal’ Candidates
  • A large majority of voters are fed up with crime in Democrat-run [Full Story] | video
  • New Super PAC Expected to Spend Big on Trump-Endorsed Candidates
  • A new super PAC, sanctioned by former President Donald Trump, is [Full Story]
  • Antony Blinken’s Father, Former Diplomat and Banker, Dies
  • Secretary of State Antony Blinkens father, Donald Blinken, a former [Full Story]
  • 4 Dead in Chicago Suburb After Barricade Situation, Fire
  • Four people are dead in Oak Forest, Illinois, after authorities [Full Story]
  • Dow Poised to Confirm Bear Market as Recession Fears Mount
  • The blue-chip Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 20% from its peak [Full Story]
  • Rollout of Updated COVID Boosters Off to Slow Start
  • Updated COVID-19 boosters have gone into 4.4 million arms in the [Full Story]
  • Justice Barrett Sides With Liberals Again in Latest Dissent
  • Supreme Court Justice Amy Coney Barrett sided with the liberal, [Full Story]
  • After Student’s Death, LA Schools to Carry Overdose Antidote
  • The Los Angeles Unified School District will provide all its schools [Full Story]
  • At Donor Event, Biden Rebukes Opponents With ‘Different View’
  • President Joe Biden, who vowed to unify the country after taking over [Full Story] | video
  • Tom Brady’s TB12 Method Is in Schools, Experts Have Doubts
  • In some Tampa Bay-area schools, students use foam rollers and [Full Story]
  • US Sen. Warnock: Electric Car Tax Credit Needs ‘Flexibility’
  • S. Sen. Raphael Warnock urged the U.S. Treasury secretary Friday to [Full Story]
  • Several Fake Social Media Accounts Pose as Israeli Diplomats Worldwide
  • The Israeli Foreign Ministry recently detected several fake social [Full Story]
  • Mike Braun Expected to Run for Indiana Governor in 2024
  • Indiana Sen. Mike Braun is reportedly telling fellow Republicans he’s [Full Story]
  • Finance
  • ‘Uncharted’ Stock Sell-Off Has Investors Wondering When Pain Will Stop
  • A week of heavy selling has brought U.S. stocks and bonds to fresh bear market lows, with many investors bracing for more pain ahead…. [Full Story]
  • Crude Plunges to 8-mo Low of $78 on Recession Fears
  • US Business Equipment Lending Grows 4% in August
  • Avenatti Ordered to Pay $148,750 Restitution to Stormy Daniels
  • GM to Invest $760M to Shift Ohio Plant to EVs
  • More Finance
  • Health
  • Increased Blood Clot Risk Remains Nearly a Year After COVID
  • An increased risk of blood clots persists for close to a year after a COVID-19 infection, a large study shows. The health records of 48 million unvaccinated adults in the United Kingdom suggest that the pandemic’s first wave in 2020 may have led to an additional 10,500 cases… [Full Story]
  • New Report Reveals Cancer Death Rates Continue to Decline
  • Be Wary of These Weight-Loss Myths
  • FDA Panel Votes Against Lung Cancer Drug
  • Consumer Commission Warns Against Defective Carbon Monoxide Detector


  • NOTE 1: The 3rd chart above includes the Canadian stock, ECN, which purchased Triad Financial Services, a manufactured home industry lender
  • NOTE 2: Drew changed its name and trading symbol at the end of 2016 to Lippert (LCII).
  • NOTE 3: Deer Valley was largely taken private, say company insiders in a message to MHProNews on 12.15.2020, but there are still some outstanding shares of the stock from the days when it was a publicly traded firm.  Thus, there is still periodic activity on DVLY.
  • Note 4: some recent or related reports to the equities named above follow.


Triad Financial Services Q2-2022 FINANCIAL RESULTS, per ECN Capital – Several Bright Spots in Manufactured Home Market Highlighted, Including Communities, Retail, Land-Home, Floor; MHStocks Update

‘Blackrock Weaponizing ESG’– State AGs Probe MHCommunities Owner, Private Equity Giant Blackrock on Possible Antitrust, Securities, Fiduciary Violations, See AGs’ Document; plus MHStocks Update

Cavco Quarterly Results, Facts, and Trends Include SEC Suit Update, Manufactured Home Production Volumes, Financial Figures, Corporate Data and Manufactured Housing Analysis


Manufactured Home Communities (a.k.a. ‘Mobile Home Parks’ – SIC) – Exploring UMH Properties; Fellow Manufactured Housing Institute Member Yes! Communities Suits and Settlements; plus MH Markets Updates



2022 Berkshire Hathaway is the parent company to Clayton Homes, 21st Mortgage, Vanderbilt Mortgage and other factory-built housing industry suppliers.
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That’s a wrap on this installment of “News Through the Lens of Manufactured Homes and Factory-Built Housing” © where “We Provide, You Decide.” © (Affordable housing, manufactured homes, stock, investing, data, metrics, reports, fact-checks, analysis, and commentary. Third-party images or content are provided under fair use guidelines for media.) (See Related Reports, further below. Text/image boxes often are hot-linked to other reports that can be access by clicking on them.)

All on Capitol Hill were welcoming and interested in manufactured housing related issues. But Congressman Al Green’s office was tremendous in their hospitality. Our son’s hand is on a package that included a copy of the Constitution of the United States and other goodies. Tamas has grown considerably since this photo was taken. 

By L.A. “Tony” Kovach – for MHProNews.
Tony earned a journalism scholarship along with numerous awards in history. There have been several awards and honors and also recognition in manufactured housing. For example, he earned the prestigious Lottinville Award in history from the University of Oklahoma, where he studied history and business management. He’s a managing member and co-founder of LifeStyle Factory Homes, LLC, the parent company to MHProNews, and This article reflects the LLC’s and/or the writer’s position and may or may not reflect the views of sponsors or supporters.








As Conventional Housing Slides, Manufactured Housing Sales Continue Mo – State-by-State and National Data June 2022 – Facts, Forecast, and Analysis; plus MHVille REITs, Stock Market Update

Factual and Viewpoint Insights from August 2022 in MHVille Manufactured Housing Pros, Public Officials, Investors, and Curious People Seeking Affordable Manufactured Home Knowledge and Trends


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