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Manufactured Housing Institute Admits ‘DOE’s Manufactured Housing Energy Efficiency Standards Rule Conflicts with Administration’s Plans to Ease Housing Costs,’ MHARR Reacts – Facts & Analysis


Superficially, the Manufactured Housing Institute (MHI) and the Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform (MHARR) both state their opposition to the Department of Energy (DOE) release plan for the DOE’s Manufactured Housing Energy Efficiency Standards Rule. In their own words, they both argue that what the Biden White House claimed was support for manufactured housing in their recently announced plan to ease housing costs is contradicted by the DOE manufactured housing energy rule. But once objective reality minded manufactured housing professionals or affordable advocates get beyond that similar starting point, the distinctions between the MHI approach and that from MHARR begin to emerge.

Mark Weiss, as a result of an emailed inquiry from MHProNews said the following. “The Fifth Circuit [Court], in staying the SCC [Social Costs of Carbon] injunction, stated, in part: “And because the claimed injury, increased regulatory burdens has yet to occur, the continued use of the Interim Estimates [i.e., SCC] will not harm the Plaintiff states until a regulation or agency action is promulgated from the actual use of the Interim Estimates” (Emphasis added).”

Weiss added, “Well, now we have a final regulation — the DOE manufactured housing energy standards rule — that uses the Interim Estimates as part of its justification. And because of that [SCC] standard, we will now have specific increased “regulatory burdens” which will increase homelessness and resulting costs that will be imposed on the states. So, as we have argued, the adoption of the DOE rule meets the court’s own test for actual injury and standing.” Restated, MHARR is making the argument that the 5th Circuit’s own ruling has set a standard that the DOE has met. Note that this court filing occurred prior to the DOE Energy Rule release.

More importantly, MHARR’s visionary action weeks ago to engage with state attorneys general suing the Biden Administration over the SCC could prove to be critical. While any Supreme Court move is ‘a long shot,’ nevertheless the MHARR Amicus Brief, previously report by MHProNews at the link above, could prove to be critical for the industry to thwart the DOE’s damaging plan.

A periodic source connected with MHI provided the following to MHProNews, out of apparent concern for the ongoing ‘head fake’ by that group, which will be explained and explored further below. It will be followed by the parallel report by MHARR. Then, there will be a MHProNews Masthead additional information and commentary that will unpack these competing claims.

From MHI:


May 18, 2022

DOE’s Manufactured Housing Energy Efficiency Standards Rule Conflicts with Administration’s Plans

to Ease Housing Costs

The Department of Energy (DOE) has released its final rule for manufactured housing energy efficiency standards, the details of which MHI continues to review. The final rule is still not cost-effective and will hurt the affordability of today’s manufactured homes. Because it does not take into consideration current manufactured home construction methods and transportation requirements, as well as potential testing and compliance costs, the final rule continues to underestimate price increases and annual mortgage cost increases, as well as the number of potential manufactured homebuyers who will no longer qualify for a mortgage. MHI CEO Lesli Gooch issued the following statement in response to the rule:

“The final manufactured housing energy rule that DOE released on Wednesday undermines the Administration’s Plan announced on Monday to ‘Ease the Burden of Housing Costs.’ Manufactured housing is by far THE most affordable homeownership option in America – and the industry is currently building quality affordable homes that are already energy efficient and resilient. Instead, the significant cost increases to actual manufactured homebuyers far exceed the speculative energy savings the rule claims will take place.

Under the 2000 Manufactured Housing Act, these standards should not become effective until approved by HUD and incorporated into the HUD CODE. MHI’s top priority now is to persuade HUD to instead adopt MHI’s more balanced proposal, which improves energy efficiency without causing great harm to manufactured housing affordability. This approach would better support the Administration’s goal of “closing the housing supply gap in five years.”

MHI has been extensively engaging with the White House, the Department of Energy, HUD, and Congress about the DOE proposal, and MHI submitted a detailed proposal that achieves the statutory objectives of EISA of properly balancing energy efficiency and homeownership affordability. Due to these efforts, Representative David Kustoff (R-TN) has introduced H.R. 7651, the “Manufactured Housing Affordability and Energy Efficiency Act,” which requires that before any new DOE energy standards can become effective or be enforced: (1) DOE must fully consult with HUD, (2) DOE must document that the rule is cost-effective based on the impact of homebuyer price and cost increases (3) the standards must fully take into consideration manufactured housing construction methods and transportation requirements, and (4) the standards must be adopted by HUD as part of the HUD Code. Further, more than 1,300 industry professionals have participated in MHI’s Call for Actions to the DOE about the rule. To participate in MHI’s current Call for Action, click the button below and follow the simple steps on MHI’s website. … ##

The Masthead on MHProNews will editorially note that MHI’s own ‘bragging’ that “more than 1,300 industry professionals have participated in MHI’s Call for Actions to the DOE about the rule” ironically proves how ineffective their effort is. MHI has demonstrated that they are posturing, because if it those 1300 emails were effective, then this latest MHI “housing alert” would have been unnecessary. For those with an objective analysis, MHI’s message is a laugh-out-loud example of self-contradictory thinking and rationalization.

That said, let’s pivot to the MHARR release on this same development.



MAY 18, 2022

FROM:           MHARR


Within two days of the Biden Administration’s widely-proclaimed announcement of various “administrative actions to ease the burden of housing costs,” the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has released the “pre-publication” version of a final rule for manufactured housing “energy conservation” standards (copy attached) that will drastically increase the cost of the nation’s most affordable housing and simultaneously exclude millions of Americans from the manufactured housing market and from homeownership altogether. Based on the 2021 version of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), the DOE final standard will discriminatorily subject HUD Code manufactured homes and the lower and moderate-income Americans who rely on them, to energy standards more stringent and more costly than those applied to million-dollar site-built homes.

The 362-page rule released today by DOE will apparently retain elements of the “tiered” structure initially outlined in the Department’s August 26, 2022 proposed rule, notwithstanding DOE’s stated intent, as set forth in its final April 2022 Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), to switch to an “untiered” approach as the “primary” scenario for the final rule. Industry members will recall that in a May 4, 2022 communication to DOE Secretary Jennifer Granholm, MHARR had vehemently objected to such a “bait and switch” tactic after the conclusion of any opportunity for public comment.

As published, the compliance date for the new standards will nominally be one year after the date of publication of the final rule in the Federal Register. This, along with multiple other aspects of the new rule, represents a direct rebuke of HUD’s Manufactured Housing Consensus Committee (MHCC), which had, among other things, recommended a much longer phase-in of the new standards over a five-year period.

Put simply, the publication of this discriminatory and unnecessary edict – which MHARR has opposed and has been fighting since day-one – should be a call to arms for the entire industry. As MHARR has consistently demonstrated, the direct cost impacts of this standard and its related regulatory and compliance-related costs, will drive millions of Americans out of the manufactured housing market and deprive them of the opportunity to achieve the American Dream of homeownership altogether. This despite the fact, again as demonstrated by MHARR, that manufactured housing energy operating costs are already lower than those for site-built homes left untouched by the 2021 IECC.

Most fundamentally, with the publication of the final energy standard, the industry finds itself at a cross-roads. While MHARR has attempted to get ahead of this issue by supporting a group of states in a court challenge to the use of the Social Cost of Carbon (SCC) metric in connection with this and other federal regulations, and while a favorable decision in that case could still potentially impact the DOE rule, the industry now faces a direct and arguably existential challenge. Put simply, a discriminatory imposition on the industry and its consumers, such as the final DOE rule, cannot stand and must not be allowed to take effect without a specific, focused, and concerted challenge. It will be up to the industry, therefore, to meet that challenge and, as necessary, pursue a two-track strategy of opposition to prevent the decimation of the manufactured housing market through such baseless and unnecessary regulation.

MHARR is in the process of reviewing the final pre-publication rule, and will address the rule and issues relating to its adoption and attempted imposition in the near future.

cc:  Manufactured Housing Consumer Groups

Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform (MHARR)
1331 Pennsylvania Ave N.W., Suite 512
Washington D.C. 20004
Phone: 202/783-4087
Fax: 202/783-4075


From DOE:

MHARR has provided a relevant 360+ page DOE document, which is found at this link here.


Additional Information, More MHProNews Analysis and Commentary in Brief

What MHI failed to acknowledge in their own messaging is the role that they have played in allowing the industry to face what they acknowledge is a serious threat.

Shock! Manufactured Housing Institute Boldy Gives ‘Unforced Error’ Doc After Favorable Court Ruling, MHI Charged ‘Throwing Lifeline’ to DOE Energy Rule MHI Admits Harms MH – MHI, MHARR Analysis

The Texas Manufactured Housing Association (TMHA), an MHI ‘state affiliate,’ and the Texas Real Estate Center have said that manufactured housing are concerned about the risks and costs involved.


The Biden Administration has been deemed responsible for – or contributing to - a wave of shortages, including baby formula, other foods, domestic energy, and affordable housing.

It should be obvious. MHI needs to be engaged on the legal level to stop the DOE energy rule, supporting what MHARR has already led the charge on. But instead, MHI is posturing and posturing more. They have bragged about an arguably ludicrous new piece of legislation on this topic, with only a Republican sponsor, no Democratic co-sponsor. Step by step, MHI’s actions have revealed that they are not to be trusted. No one could possibly be so inept as MHI’s ‘leaders’ have been on this DOE and a range of other issues.  While MHARR would no doubt welcome authentic MHI involvement to stop the DOE energy rule, based on years of history, that happening would be a shock.

Manufactured Housing Institute (MHI) Lashed by Current, Past Members; Odd Defense of Arlington VA Based MHI Association, Suggested Meeting for New Post-Production National Trade Group Considered

MHI can't have it both ways. If they are the industry leaders, then why have they failed to accomplish their own claimed goals? If MHI's leadership is so wise, then why have they failed to use the lawsuit option that MHARR has been urging on this DOE topic since 2021? If MHI is so pure, then why did MHI hand DOE what MHARR called a lifeline on the DOE rule? If MHI is so innocent and pro-manufactured housing independents, then why did documents emerge from a source at the DOE that ties MHI to prior subterfuges on this DOE rule issue in prior years? The known evidence mitigates against MHI's posturing.


There is arguably a need for legal action against MHI from among the trade group's own independent members, not just against DOE by growth-minded industry members.

As noted, MHI has been saying one thing, but doing another for years. That’s not just the view from the Masthead, it is the view of outsiders who have studied the behavior of MHI, such as Samuel “Sam” Strommen from Knudson Law. Strommen, laying out years of evidence and patterns of MHI behavior made the fact- and evidence-based argument that MHI should be stripped of Noerr protection and should be sued for apparent antitrust and RICO violations. Our industry should be looking to 2023 and the members of a new Congress to probe MHI and other aspects of manufactured housing that appear to be evidence of arguably corrupt and illegal behavior. See the related reports to learn more.




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‘A Pimple on an Elephant’s Ass’ – White House Manufactured Housing Lending Listening Session ‘Logic’ Comments as Prepared

Manufactured Housing Institute (MHI) Lashed by Current, Past Members; Odd Defense of Arlington VA Based MHI Association, Suggested Meeting for New Post-Production National Trade Group Considered

Cavco's Market Cap Fall; Paul F Marten, Manufactured Home Pros Plug 'New National Trade Association to Represent-Advocate for Disfranchised of Our Industry;' MHI-DOE-MHARR Regs, plus MHMarket Update

Cavco's Market Cap Fall; Paul F Marten, QYND Properties, Manufactured Home Pros Plug 'New National Trade Association to Represent-Advocate for Disfranchised of Our Industry;' MHI-DOE-MHARR Regs, plus MHMarket 5.11.2022 Update, REITs, mobile home park investing, manufactured homes, production, factories, retailers, dealers, finance, brokers,

Stay tuned for more of what is 'behind the curtains' as well as what is obvious and in your face reporting that are not found anywhere else in MHVille. It is all here, which may explain why this is the runaway largest and most-read source for authentic manufactured home “News through the lens of manufactured homes and factory-built housing” © where “We Provide, You Decide.” © ## (Affordable housing, manufactured homes, reports, fact-checks, analysis, and commentary. Third-party images or content are provided under fair use guidelines for media.) (See Related Reports, further below. Text/image boxes often are hot-linked to other reports that can be access by clicking on them.)

All on Capitol Hill were welcoming and interested with the discussion of manufactured housing related issues on our 12.3.2019 meetings. But Texas Congressman Al Green's office was tremendous in their hospitality. Our son's hand is on a package that included the Constitution of the United States and other goodies. MHProNews has worked with people and politicos across the left-right divide.

By L.A. "Tony" Kovach - for

Tony earned a journalism scholarship and earned numerous awards in history and in manufactured housing.

For example, he earned the prestigious Lottinville Award in history from the University of Oklahoma, where he studied history and business management. He's a managing member and co-founder of LifeStyle Factory Homes, LLC, the parent company to MHProNews, and

This article reflects the LLC's and/or the writer's position, and may or may not reflect the views of sponsors or supporters.

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Related References:

The text/image boxes below are linked to other reports, which can be accessed by clicking on them.

Persuading Americans to Consider Different Housing Options During a Growing Affordable Housing Crisis

December 2021 Monthly New Manufactured Housing Data with 2021 Annual Manufactured Home Production Totals, Compare to NAR, Conventional Housing Starts, RVs – Opportunities & Obstacles Special Analysis